INTRAVAL. Bureau voor sociaal-wetenschappelijk onderzoek en advies<
Lines across Europe
Nature and extent of cocaine use in Barcelona, Rotterdam and Turin
Swets &Zeitlinger, Academic Publishing Division, Amsterdam, Lisse, Berwyn, PA, 1993
€ 23,60
Rob Molthof.
E. de Bie
M. Marggraf-Lavery
Offsetdrukkerij Kanters B.V., Alblasserdam
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  Cover van publicatie 'Lines across Europe'
Korte samenvatting
Until recently little was known about the use and abuse of cocaine in Europe. This book presents the results of a comparative study on the nature and extent of cocaine use in Rotterdam, (The Netherlands), Barcelona (Spain) and Turin (Italy). The research shows that cocaine is an extraordinary drug. It is used by a wide range of people as far as age, socio-economic background and lifestyle are concerned. Men and women are attracted to cocaine for a wide variety of reasons. For one person cocaine can be an additional extra at a party. For another, use is purely instrumental e.g. to enhance work performance. The effect of cocaine, and wether the user experiences problems with the drug, depends largely on how it is used.
A coordinated approach of politicians, policy planners and social scientists is needed for the efficient management of problems linked to cocaine. Research has become extremely complex and politically sensitive. No single group - researchers, policy planners or politicians - is competent to provide meaningful answers to the questions related to a phenomenon as complicated as cocaine use.
The study described in this book breaks new ground. It demonstrates a fresh approach to policy oriented research. It involves the coordination of multidisciplinary teams in the different research sites. The wealth of useful information presented in this book will significantly influence how people think about cocaine.
Table of contents
Part I    Overview
Chapter 1    Introduction
1.1    Local situation
1.2    Problem formulation
Chapter 2    Legal background
2.1    Legal history
2.2    Comparison of legalisation
Chapter 3    State of the art
3.1    Supply
3.2    Demand
3.3    Prevalence
3.4    Pharmacology and addiction
3.5    Morbidity and mortality
3.6    Social risks and criminality
3.7    Sociocultural studies
3.8    Socio-historical studies
Chapter 4    Methodology
4.1    Methods and thechniques in drugs research
4.2    Network analysis
4.3    Snowball sampling
4.4    Qualitative methodology and ethnographic field work
4.5    Research design
Part II    Results
Chapter 5    General characteristics
5.1    Background characteristics
5.2    Effects
5.3    Drug carreer
5.4    Characteristics of use
5.5    Income, crime and cocaine trade
5.6    Problems and contacts with drug assistance agencies
Chapter 6    Typology
6.1    Methods of typology construction
6.2    Types and classes of cocaine users
6.3    Comparison
6.4    Conclusions and discussion
Chapter 7    Spread, dispersion and extent
7.1    Opportunity structure
7.2    Analysis of personal networks
7.3    Some particular network analyses
7.4    Estimations of extent
Part III    Discussion
8.1    Methodology
8.2    General characteristics
8.3    Typologies
8.4    Spread, dispersion and extent
8.5    Contextual differences
8.6    Policy
Chapter 9    Recommendations
9.1    Policy recommendations
9.2    Science recommendations
Appendix A    A Marriage of politics and science
Appendix B    Acknowledgements
Appendix C    Sampling and analyzing in hidden populations
Appendix D    Tables characteristics
Appendix E    Patterns of use
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